Lake Como, Adda + the Historical Work-Town Crespi d’Adda
History by Marion Mollenhauer
The best place to watch the light green shining water of the river Adda flowing into the darker greenblue of the Como Lake is on top of a mountain. Certainly the Adda does not end in the Lake of Como as frequently supposed, but is flowing through.
At Lecco the Adda is leaving the Lago and at Crotta d’Adda she flows into the Po, which brings her water to the Adriatic Sea. The most remarkable place of interest at the riverbanks of the Adda is the historical work-town Crespi d’Adda in the natural preserve Adda North, Lombardy.
The settlement was constructed in 1878 by the very social and modern thinking cotton-industrialist Cristoforo Benigno Crespi. An employment in the factory was the requirement for being allowed to live in Crespi. The factory was in operation until 2003 and worked with the latest equipment.
The settlement Crespi d’Adda was modeled on english examples and was a well organized and efficient microcosm. The operatives and their families had everything they needed, quasi from the craddle to the grave. Besides a own house with garden, a hospital, a theater, a community center, and an indoor swimming pool with warm water were gratis available for the residents.
The pupils got all needed utensils like pens, books and so on, for free. Of course there was a church and a cemetery. A washhouse spared the women the arduous washing in the river. Crespi d’Adda was the first italian city having a public electric lighting.
In 1995 Crespi d’Adda was listed by the UNESCO.